Publications

Journal Publications

81. Liu, H., Hinebaugh, J., Chevalier, S., Banerjee, R., Lee, C., Bazylak, A. “Modeling the effect of fibre surface roughness on the liquid water transport in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell gas diffusion layers.” Transport in Porous MediaAccepted.

80. Bevilacqua, N., George, M.G., Galbiati, S., Bazylak, A., Zeis, R. (2017) “Evaluation of gas diffusion layer materials for high temperature PEM fuel cells.” Electrochimica Acta, 257, 89-98. DOI.

79. Muirhead, D., Banerjee, R., Lee, J., George, M. G., Ge, N., Liu, H., Chevalier, S., Hinebaugh, J., Han, K., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Simultaneous characterization of oxygen transport resistance and spatially resolved liquid water saturation at high-current density of PEM fuel cells with varied cathode relative humidity.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42(49), 29472-29483. DOI.

78. Banerjee, R., Chevalier, S., Liu, H., Lee, J., Yip, R., Han, K., Hong. B.K., Bazylak, A. “A comparison of felt-type and paper-type gas diffusion layers for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell applications using X-ray techniques.” Journal of Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage (Invited Paper for Special Issue: Emerging Investigators in Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage 2017). Accepted. 

77. Lee, J., Banerjee, R., George, M.G., Muirhead, D., Shrestha, P., Liu, H., Ge, N., Chevalier, S., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Multiwall carbon nanotube-based microporous layers for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 164(12), F1149-F1157. DOI.

76. Ge, N., George, M.G., Lee, J., Muirhead, D., Chevalier, S., Banerjee, R., Liu, H., Wysokinski, T.W., Belev, G., Webb, M.A. Zhu, N., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Considering photon scattering and harmonics for synchrotron X-ray radiographic imaging of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells” Focus Issue: Mathematical Modeling of Electrochemical Systems at Multiple Scales. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 164(11), E3215-E3224. DOI.

75. Montazeri, H., Zandavi, S.H., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Sharp interface models for two-phase flows: Insights towards new approaches.” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 322, 238-261. DOI.

74. Hinebaugh, J., Gostick, J., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Stochastic Modeling of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Gas Diffusion Layers II. A Comprehensive Substrate Model with Pore Size Distribution and Heterogeneity Effects.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42(24), 15872-15886. DOI.

73. Hinebaugh, J., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Stochastic Modeling of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Gas Diffusion Layers I. Physical Characterization.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42(24), 15861-15871. DOI.

72. George, M.G., Liu, H., Muirhead, D., Banerjee, R., Ge., N., Shrestha, P., Lee, J., Chevalier, S., Hinebaugh, J., Messerschmidt, M., Zeis, R., Scholta, J., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Accelerated Degradation of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Gas Diffusion Layers Part 3:  Mass Transport Resistance and Liquid Water Accumulation at Limiting Current Density with in operando Synchrotron X-ray Radiography.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 164(7), F714-F721. DOI.

71. Liu, H., George, M.G., Banerjee, R., Ge, N., Lee, J., Muirhead, D., Shrestha, P., Chevalier, S., Hinebaugh, J., Zeis, R., Messerschmidt, M., Scholta, J., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Accelerated Degradation of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Gas Diffusion Layers: Part 2 – Steady State Liquid Water Distributions with in Operando Synchrotron X-ray Radiography.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 164(7), F704-F713. DOI.

70. Liu, H., George, M.G., Messerschmidt, M., Zeis, R., Kramer, D., Scholta, J., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Accelerated Degradation of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Gas Diffusion Layers: Part 1 – Methodology and Surface Characterization.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 164(7), F695-F703. DOI.

69. Lee, J., Chevalier, S., Banerjee, R., Antonacci, P., Ge, N., Yip, R., Kotaka, T., Tabuchi, Y., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Investigating the effects of gas diffusion layer substrate thickness on polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell performance via synchrotron X-ray radiography.” Electrochimica Acta, 236, 161-170. DOI.

68. Karimi, F., Bazylak, A., Peppley, B.A. (2017) “Effect of calcination temperature on the morphological and electrochemical characteristics of supported iridium hydroxyoxide electrocatalysts for the PEM electrolyser anode.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 164(4), F464-F474. DOI.

67. Chevalier, S., Lavielle, N., Hatton, B.D., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Novel electrospun gas diffusion layers for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells: Part I. fabrication, morphological characterization, and in situ performance.” Journal of Power Sources, 352, 272-280.  DOI.

66. Chevalier, S., Ge, N., Lee, J., George, M.G., Liu, H., Shrestha, P., Muirhead, D., Lavielle, N., Hatton, B.D., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Novel electrospun gas diffusion layers for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells: Part II. In operando synchrotron imaging for microscale liquid water transport characterization.” Journal of Power Sources, 352, 281-290. DOI.

65. Banerjee, R., Ge, N., Lee, J., George, M.G., Chevalier, S., Liu, H., Shrestha, P., Muirhead, D., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Transient liquid water distributions in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell gas diffusion layers observed through in-operando synchrotron X-ray radiography” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 164(2), F154-F162. DOI.

64. Chevalier, S., Ge, N., George, M.G., Lee, J., Banerjee, R., Liu, H., Shrestha, P., Muirhead, D., Hinebaugh, J., Tabuchi, Y., Kotaka, T., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Synchrotron X-ray radiography as a highly precise and accurate method for measuring the spatial distribution of liquid water in operating PEM fuel cells.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 164(2), F107-F114. DOI.

63. Ge, N., Chevalier, S., Lee, J., Yip, R., Banerjee, R., George, M.G., Liu, H., Lee, C., Fazeli, M., Antonacci, P., Kotaka, T., Tabuchi, Y., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Non-isothermal two-phase transport in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell crack-free microporous layer.” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 107, 418-431. DOI.

62. Lee, C., Hinebaugh, J., Banerjee, R., Chevalier, S., Abouatallah, R., Wang, R., Bazylak, A. (2017) “Influence of Limiting Throat and Flow Regime on Oxygen Bubble Saturation of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Electrolyzer Porous Transport Layers.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42(5), 2724-2735.  DOI.

61. Fazeli, M., Hinebaugh, J., Fishman, Z., Tötzke, C., Lehnert, W., Manke, I., Bazylak, A. (2016) “Pore Network Modeling to Explore the Effects of Compression on Multiphase Transport in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Gas Diffusion Layers.” Journal of Power Sources, 335, 162-171. DOI.

60. Fazeli, M., Hinebaugh, J., Bazylak, A. (2016) “Incorporating Embedded MPLs into Topologically Equivalent Pore Network Models for Oxygen Diffusivity Calculations in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Gas Diffusion Layers.” Electrochimica Acta, 216, 364-375. DOI.

59. Chevalier, S., Fazeli, M., Mack, F., Galbiati, S., Manke, I., Bazylak, A., Zeis, R. (2016) “Role of the microporous layer in the redistribution of phosphoric acid in high temperature PEM fuel cell gas diffusion electrodes.” Electrochimica Acta, 212, 187-194. DOI.

58. Banerjee, R., Hinebaugh, J., Liu, H., Yip, R., Ge, N., Bazylak, A. (2016) “Heterogeneous porosity distributions of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell gas diffusion layer materials with rib-channel compression.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 41, 14885-14896. DOI. (Corrigendum: DOI.)

57. Arbabi, F. Montazeri, H., Abouatallah, R., Wang, R. Bazylak, A. (2016) “Three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics modelling of oxygen bubble transport in polymer electrolyte membrane electrolyzer porous transport layers.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Focus Issue: Electrolysis for Increased Renewable Energy Penetration, 163(11), F3062-F3069. DOI.

56. Chevalier, S., Lee, J., Ge, N., Yip, R., Antonacci, P., Tabuchi, Y., Kotaka, T., Bazylak, A. (2016) “In operando measurements of liquid water saturation distributions and effective diffusivities of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell gas diffusion layers.” Electrochimica Acta, 210, 792-803. DOI.

55. George, M.G., Fishman, Z., Botelho, S., Bazylak, A. (2016) “Micro-computed tomography-based profilometry for characterizing the surface roughness of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell gas diffusion layers with microporous layers.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 163(8), F832-F841DOI.

54. Chevalier, S., Josset, C., Bazylak, A., Auvity, B. (2016) “Using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy to measure air velocity in the channels of an operating polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 163(8), F816-F823. DOI.

53. Gostick, J., Aghighi, M., Hinebaugh, J., Tranter, T., Hoeh, M.A., Day, H., Elsharqawy, M., Bazylak, A., Burns, A., Lehnert, W., Putz, A. (2016) “OpenPNM: A Pore Network Modeling Package.” Computing in Science and Engineering. 18(4), 60-74. DOI.

52. George, M.G., Wang, J., Banerjee, R., Bazylak, A. (2016) “Composition analysis of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell micro-porous layer using scanning transmission x-ray microscopy and near edge x-ray absorption fine structure analysis.” Journal of Power Sources Short Communications, 309, 254-259. DOI.

51. Ebrahimi Khabbazi, A., Hinebaugh, J., Bazylak, A. (2016) “Determining the impact of rectangular grain aspect ratio on tortuosity-porosity correlations of two-dimensional stochastically generated porous media.” Invited Paper for Special Issue: Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage in Science Bulletin, 61(8), 601-611. DOI.

50. Ge, N., Chevalier, S., Hinebaugh, J., Yip, R., Lee, J., Antonacci, P., Kotaka, T., Tabuchi, Y., Bazylak, A. (2016) “Calibrating the X-ray attenuation of liquid water and correcting sample movement artefacts during in operando synchrotron X-ray radiographic imaging of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells.” Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 23(2), 1-10. DOI.

49. Antonacci, P., Chevalier, S., Lee, J., Ge, N., Hinebaugh, J., Yip, R., Tabuchi, Y., Kotaka, T., Bazylak, A. (2016) “Balancing mass transport resistance and membrane resistance when tailoring MPL thickness for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells operating at high current densities.” Electrochimica Acta, 188, 888-897. DOI.

48. Antonacci, P., Chevalier, S., Lee, J., Yip, R., Ge, N., Bazylak, A. (2015) “Feasibility of combining electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and synchrotron X-ray radiography for determining the influence of liquid water on polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell performance.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40, 16494-16502. DOI.

47. Hinebaugh, J., Lee, J., Mascarenhas, C., Bazylak, A. (2015) “Quantifying Percolation Events in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells Using Synchrotron Radiography.” Electrochimica Acta, 184, 417-426. DOI.

46. Banerjee, R., Bazylak, A. (2016) “Modeling heat transfer through phase-differentiated nano-scale constructions of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell microporous layers.” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 92, 131-138. DOI.

45. Ebrahimi Khabbazi, A., Hinebaugh, J., Bazylak, A. (2015) “Analytical Tortuosity-Porosity Correlations for Sierpinski Carpet Fractal Geometries.” Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 78, 124-133DOI.

44. Botelho, S.J., Banerjee, R., Bazylak, A. (2015) “A unit-cell approach for determining the effective thermal conductivity of the polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell microporous layer.” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 89, 809-816. DOI.

43. Freire-Gormaly, M., Ellis, J.S., MacLean, H.L., Bazylak, A. (2015) “Pore Structure Characterization of Indiana Limestone and Pink Dolomite from Pore Network Reconstructions.” Oil & Gas Science and Technology, 1-14. DOI.

42. Chevalier, S., Ge, N., Lee, J., Antonacci, P., Yip, R., George, M.G., Liu, H., Banerjee, R., Fazeli, M., Bazylak, A. (2015) “In situ analysis of voltage degradation in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell with a dead-ended anode.” Electrochemistry Communications, 59, 16-19. DOI.

41. Lee, J., Yip, R., Antonacci, P., Ge, N., Kotaka, T., Tabuchi, Y., Bazylak, A. (2015) “Synchrotron investigation of microporous layer thickness on liquid water distribution in a PEM fuel cell.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 162(7) F669-F676. DOI.

40. Fazeli, M., Hinebaugh, J., Bazylak, A. (2015) “Investigating Inlet Condition Effects on PEMFC GDL Liquid Water Transport through Pore Network Modeling” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 162(7), F661-F668. DOI.

39. Botelho, S.J., Bazylak, A. (2015) “Impact of PEM fuel cell microporous layer nano-scale features on thermal conductance.” Journal of Power Sources, 280, 173-181. DOI.

38. Freire-Gormaly, M., Ellis, J.S., Bazylak, A., McLean, H.L. (2015) “Comparing Thresholding Techniques for Quantifying the Dual Porosities of Indiana Limestone and Pink Dolomite.” Microporous & Mesoporous Materials, 207, 84-89. DOI.

37. Banan, R., Zu, J., Bazylak, A. (2015) “Humidity and Temperature Cycling Effects on Cracks and Delaminations in PEMFCs.” Fuel Cells, 15(2), 327-336. DOI.

36. Banan, R., Bazylak, A., Zu, J. (2015) “Combined Effects of Environmental Vibrations and Hygrothermal Fatigue on Mechanical Damage in PEM Fuel Cells.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40, 1911-1922. DOI.

35. Botelho, S.J., Bazylak, A. (2014) “The impact of fibre surface morphology on the effective thermal conductivity of a PEM fuel cell gas diffusion layer.” Journal of Power Sources, 269, 385-395. DOI.

34. Arbabi, F., Kalantarian, A., Abouatallah, R., Wang, R., Wallace, J.S., Bazylak, A. (2014) “Feasibility Study of Using Microfluidic Platforms for Visualizing Bubble Flows in Electrolyzer GDLs.” Journal of Power Sources, 258, 142-149. DOI.

33. Nabovati, A., Hinebaugh, J., Bazylak, A., Amon, A. (2014) “Effect of porosity heterogeneity on the permeability and tortuosity of gas diffusion layers in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells.” Journal of Power Sources, 248, 83-90. DOI.

32. Banan, R., Bazylak, A., Zu, J. (2013) “Effect of Mechanical Vibrations on Damage Propagation in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38(34), 14764-14772. DOI.

31. Ellis, J.S., Bazylak, A. (2013) “Investigation of contact angle heterogeneity on CO2 saturation in brine-filled porous media using 3D pore network models.” Energy Conversion & Management, 68, 253-259. DOI.

30. Ebrahimi Khabbazi, A., Ellis, J.S., Bazylak, A. (2013) “Developing a New Form of the Kozeny-Carman Parameter for Structured Porous Media through Lattice-Boltzmann Modeling” Computers and Fluids, 75, 35-41. DOI.

29. Wang, J., Botelho, S.J., Naguib, H.E., Bazylak, A. (2013) “Development of a Novel Active Polypyrrole Trilayer Membrane.” American Chemical Society (ACS) Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 1(2), 226–231. DOI.

28. Fuerth, D., Bazylak, A. (2013) “Up-scaled microfluidic fuel cells with porous flow-through electrodes.” Journal of Fluids Engineering, 135 (2), 021102. (Invited Paper). DOI.

27. Lee, J., Hinebaugh, J., Bazylak, A. (2013) “Synchrotron X-ray radiographic investigations of liquid water transport behaviour in a PEMFC with MPL-coated GDLs.” Journal of Power Sources, 227, 123-130. DOI.

26. Hinebaugh, J., Lee, J., Bazylak, A. (2012) “Visualizing Liquid Water Evolution in a PEM Fuel Cell Using Synchrotron X-ray Radiography.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 12, F826-F830. DOI.

25. Yablecki, J., Hinebaugh, J., Bazylak, A. (2012) “Effect of liquid water presence on PEMFC GDL effective thermal conductivity.” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 12, F805-F809. DOI.

24. Hinebaugh, J., Challa, P., Bazylak, A. (2012) “Accounting for low frequency synchrotron x-ray beam position fluctuations for dynamic visualizations.” Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 19, 994-1000. DOI.

23. Yablecki, J., Bazylak, A. (2012) “Determining the effective thermal conductivity of compressed PEMFC GDLs through thermal resistance modelling” Journal of Power Sources, 217, 270-478. DOI.

22. Ellis, J.S., Bazylak, A. (2012) “Dynamic Pore Network Model of Surface Heterogeneity in Brine-filled Porous Media for Carbon Sequestration.” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 14 (23), 8382 – 8390. DOI.

21. Yablecki, J., Nabovati, A., Bazylak, A. (2012) “Modeling the effective thermal conductivity of an anisotropic gas diffusion layer in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 159(6), B647-B653. DOI.

20. Rofaiel, A., Ellis, J.S., Challa, P., Bazylak, A. (2012) “Heterogeneous Through-Plane Distributions of Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Gas Diffusion Layers.” Journal of Power Sources, 201, 219-225. DOI.

19. Fishman, Z., Bazylak, A. (2011) “Heterogeneous through-plane porosity distributions for treated PEMFC GDLs. II. Effect of MPL cracks” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 158(8), B846-B851. DOI.

18. Fishman, Z., Bazylak, A. (2011) “Heterogeneous through-plane porosity distributions for treated PEMFC GDLs. I. PTFE Effect” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 158(8), B841-B845. DOI.

17. Fishman, Z., Bazylak, A. (2011) “Heterogeneous through-plane tortuosity, effective diffusivity, and permeability of PEMFC GDLs.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 158(2), B247-B252. DOI.

16. Ahmed, H.E.U., Banan, R., Zu, J.W., Bazylak, A. (2011) “Free vibrations of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell.” Journal of Power Sources, 196(13), 5520-5525. DOI.

15. Miller, M., Bazylak, A. (2011) “A review of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell stack testing.” Journal of Power Sources, 196, 601-613. DOI.

14. Hinebaugh, J., Fishman, Z., Bazylak, A. (2010) “Unstructured pore network modelling with heterogeneous PEMFC GDL porosity distributions.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 157(11), B1651-B1657. DOI.

13. Fishman, J.Z., Hinebaugh, J., Bazylak, A. (2010) “Microscale tomography investigations of heterogeneous porosity distributions of PEMFC GDLs.” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 157(11), B1643-B1650. DOI.

12. Fishman, J.Z., Leung, H., Bazylak, A. (2010) “Droplet pinning by PEM fuel cell GDL surfaces.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35, 9144-9150. DOI.

11. Hinebaugh, J., Bazylak, A. (2010) “Condensation in PEM fuel cell gas diffusion layers: A pore network modelling approach.” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 157(10), B1382-1390. DOI.

10. Berejnov, V., Bazylak, A., Sinton, D., Djilali, N. (2010) “Fractal flow patterns in hydrophobic microfluidic pore networks: experimental modeling in two-phase flow in porous electrodes.” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 157 (5) B760-B767. DOI.

9. Bazylak, A. (2009) “Liquid water visualization in PEM fuel cells: A Review.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 34, 3845-3857. DOI.

8. Bazylak, A., Heinrich, J., Djilali, N., Sinton, D. (2008) “Liquid Water Transport Between Graphite Paper and a Solid Surface.” Journal of Power Sources, 185 (2), 1147-1153. DOI.

7. Bazylak, A., Berejnov, S., Markicevic, B., Sinton, D., Djilali, N. (2008) “Numerical and Experimental Microfluidic Pore Network Designs for Controlled Water Transport in GDLs.” Electrochimica Acta, 53(26), 7630-7637. DOI.

6. Bazylak, A., Sinton, D., Djilali, N. (2008) “Dynamic Water Transport and Droplet Emergence in PEMFC Gas Diffusion Layers.” Journal of Power Sources, 176 (1), 240-246. DOI.

5. Markicevic, B., Bazylak, A., Djilali, N. (2007) “Determination of Transport Parameters for Multiphase Flow in Porous Gas Diffusion Electrodes using a Capillary Network Model.” Journal of Power Sources, 171 (2), 706-717. DOI.

4. Bazylak, A., Djilali, N., Sinton, D. (2007) “Natural Convection with Distributed Heat Source Modulation.” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 50 (9), 1649-1655. DOI.

3. Bazylak, A., Sinton, D., Liu, Z.-S., Djilali, N. (2007) “Effect of Compression on Liquid Water Transport and Microstructure of PEMFC Gas Diffusion Layers.” Journal of Power Sources, 163 (2), 784-792. DOI.

2. Bazylak, A., Djilali, N., Sinton, D. (2006) “Natural Convection in an Enclosure with Distributed Heat Sources.” Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A, 49, 655-667. DOI.

1. Bazylak, A., Sinton, D., Djilali, N. (2005) “Improved Fuel Utilization in Microfluidic Fuel Cells: A Computational Study.” Journal of Power Sources, 143 (1), 57-66. DOI.

Book Chapter

1. Book title: “Polymer electrolyte membrane and direct methanol fuel cell technology. Volume 1: Fundamentals and performance of low temperature fuel cells”. Chapter title: “Multi-scale modeling of two-phase transport in polymer electrolyte fuel cells.” Authors: James Hinebaugh, Partha Mukherjee, and Aimy Bazylak. Eds: Dr. Christoph Hartnig, Dr.-Ing. Christina Roth, Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2012. Link.